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unexelf.c

/* Copyright (C) 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1993
   Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of XEmacs.

XEmacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
later version.

XEmacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with XEmacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

/* Synched up with: FSF 20.4. */

/*
 * unexec.c - Convert a running program into an a.out file.
 *
 * Author:  Spencer W. Thomas
 *          Computer Science Dept.
 *          University of Utah
 * Date:    Tue Mar  2 1982
 * Modified heavily since then.
 *
 * Synopsis:
 *    unexec (new_name, a_name, data_start, bss_start, entry_address)
 *    char *new_name, *a_name;
 *    unsigned data_start, bss_start, entry_address;
 *
 * Takes a snapshot of the program and makes an a.out format file in the
 * file named by the string argument new_name.
 * If a_name is non-NULL, the symbol table will be taken from the given file.
 * On some machines, an existing a_name file is required.
 *
 * The boundaries within the a.out file may be adjusted with the data_start
 * and bss_start arguments.  Either or both may be given as 0 for defaults.
 *
 * Data_start gives the boundary between the text segment and the data
 * segment of the program.  The text segment can contain shared, read-only
 * program code and literal data, while the data segment is always unshared
 * and unprotected.  Data_start gives the lowest unprotected address.
 * The value you specify may be rounded down to a suitable boundary
 * as required by the machine you are using.
 *
 * Specifying zero for data_start means the boundary between text and data
 * should not be the same as when the program was loaded.
 * If NO_REMAP is defined, the argument data_start is ignored and the
 * segment boundaries are never changed.
 *
 * Bss_start indicates how much of the data segment is to be saved in the
 * a.out file and restored when the program is executed.  It gives the lowest
 * unsaved address, and is rounded up to a page boundary.  The default when 0
 * is given assumes that the entire data segment is to be stored, including
 * the previous data and bss as well as any additional storage allocated with
 * break (2).
 *
 * The new file is set up to start at entry_address.
 *
 * If you make improvements I'd like to get them too.
 * harpo!utah-cs!thomas, thomas@Utah-20
 *
 */

/* Even more heavily modified by james@bigtex.cactus.org of Dell Computer Co.
 * ELF support added.
 *
 * Basic theory: the data space of the running process needs to be
 * dumped to the output file.  Normally we would just enlarge the size
 * of .data, scooting everything down.  But we can't do that in ELF,
 * because there is often something between the .data space and the
 * .bss space.
 *
 * In the temacs dump below, notice that the Global Offset Table
 * (.got) and the Dynamic link data (.dynamic) come between .data1 and
 * .bss.  It does not work to overlap .data with these fields.
 *
 * The solution is to create a new .data segment.  This segment is
 * filled with data from the current process.  Since the contents of
 * various sections refer to sections by index, the new .data segment
 * is made the last in the table to avoid changing any existing index.

 * This is an example of how the section headers are changed.  "Addr"
 * is a process virtual address.  "Offset" is a file offset.

raid:/nfs/raid/src/dist-18.56/src> dump -h temacs

temacs:

           **** SECTION HEADER TABLE ****
[No]    Type    Flags   Addr         Offset       Size          Name
        Link    Info    Adralgn      Entsize

[1]     1       2       0x80480d4    0xd4         0x13          .interp
        0       0       0x1          0

[2]     5       2       0x80480e8    0xe8         0x388         .hash
        3       0       0x4          0x4

[3]     11      2       0x8048470    0x470        0x7f0         .dynsym
        4       1       0x4          0x10

[4]     3       2       0x8048c60    0xc60        0x3ad         .dynstr
        0       0       0x1          0

[5]     9       2       0x8049010    0x1010       0x338         .rel.plt
        3       7       0x4          0x8

[6]     1       6       0x8049348    0x1348       0x3           .init
        0       0       0x4          0

[7]     1       6       0x804934c    0x134c       0x680         .plt
        0       0       0x4          0x4

[8]     1       6       0x80499cc    0x19cc       0x3c56f       .text
        0       0       0x4          0

[9]     1       6       0x8085f3c    0x3df3c      0x3           .fini
        0       0       0x4          0

[10]    1       2       0x8085f40    0x3df40      0x69c         .rodata
        0       0       0x4          0

[11]    1       2       0x80865dc    0x3e5dc      0xd51         .rodata1
        0       0       0x4          0

[12]    1       3       0x8088330    0x3f330      0x20afc       .data
        0       0       0x4          0

[13]    1       3       0x80a8e2c    0x5fe2c      0x89d         .data1
        0       0       0x4          0

[14]    1       3       0x80a96cc    0x606cc      0x1a8         .got
        0       0       0x4          0x4

[15]    6       3       0x80a9874    0x60874      0x80          .dynamic
        4       0       0x4          0x8

[16]    8       3       0x80a98f4    0x608f4      0x449c        .bss
        0       0       0x4          0

[17]    2       0       0            0x608f4      0x9b90        .symtab
        18      371     0x4          0x10

[18]    3       0       0            0x6a484      0x8526        .strtab
        0       0       0x1          0

[19]    3       0       0            0x729aa      0x93          .shstrtab
        0       0       0x1          0

[20]    1       0       0            0x72a3d      0x68b7        .comment
        0       0       0x1          0

raid:/nfs/raid/src/dist-18.56/src> dump -h xemacs

xemacs:

           **** SECTION HEADER TABLE ****
[No]    Type    Flags   Addr         Offset       Size          Name
        Link    Info    Adralgn      Entsize

[1]     1       2       0x80480d4    0xd4         0x13          .interp
        0       0       0x1          0

[2]     5       2       0x80480e8    0xe8         0x388         .hash
        3       0       0x4          0x4

[3]     11      2       0x8048470    0x470        0x7f0         .dynsym
        4       1       0x4          0x10

[4]     3       2       0x8048c60    0xc60        0x3ad         .dynstr
        0       0       0x1          0

[5]     9       2       0x8049010    0x1010       0x338         .rel.plt
        3       7       0x4          0x8

[6]     1       6       0x8049348    0x1348       0x3           .init
        0       0       0x4          0

[7]     1       6       0x804934c    0x134c       0x680         .plt
        0       0       0x4          0x4

[8]     1       6       0x80499cc    0x19cc       0x3c56f       .text
        0       0       0x4          0

[9]     1       6       0x8085f3c    0x3df3c      0x3           .fini
        0       0       0x4          0

[10]    1       2       0x8085f40    0x3df40      0x69c         .rodata
        0       0       0x4          0

[11]    1       2       0x80865dc    0x3e5dc      0xd51         .rodata1
        0       0       0x4          0

[12]    1       3       0x8088330    0x3f330      0x20afc       .data
        0       0       0x4          0

[13]    1       3       0x80a8e2c    0x5fe2c      0x89d         .data1
        0       0       0x4          0

[14]    1       3       0x80a96cc    0x606cc      0x1a8         .got
        0       0       0x4          0x4

[15]    6       3       0x80a9874    0x60874      0x80          .dynamic
        4       0       0x4          0x8

[16]    8       3       0x80c6800    0x7d800      0             .bss
        0       0       0x4          0

[17]    2       0       0            0x7d800      0x9b90        .symtab
        18      371     0x4          0x10

[18]    3       0       0            0x87390      0x8526        .strtab
        0       0       0x1          0

[19]    3       0       0            0x8f8b6      0x93          .shstrtab
        0       0       0x1          0

[20]    1       0       0            0x8f949      0x68b7        .comment
        0       0       0x1          0

[21]    1       3       0x80a98f4    0x608f4      0x1cf0c       .data
        0       0       0x4          0

 * This is an example of how the file header is changed.  "Shoff" is
 * the section header offset within the file.  Since that table is
 * after the new .data section, it is moved.  "Shnum" is the number of
 * sections, which we increment.
 *
 * "Phoff" is the file offset to the program header.  "Phentsize" and
 * "Shentsz" are the program and section header entries sizes respectively.
 * These can be larger than the apparent struct sizes.

raid:/nfs/raid/src/dist-18.56/src> dump -f temacs

temacs:

                    **** ELF HEADER ****
Class        Data       Type         Machine     Version
Entry        Phoff      Shoff        Flags       Ehsize
Phentsize    Phnum      Shentsz      Shnum       Shstrndx

1            1          2            3           1
0x80499cc    0x34       0x792f4      0           0x34
0x20         5          0x28         21          19

raid:/nfs/raid/src/dist-18.56/src> dump -f xemacs

xemacs:

                    **** ELF HEADER ****
Class        Data       Type         Machine     Version
Entry        Phoff      Shoff        Flags       Ehsize
Phentsize    Phnum      Shentsz      Shnum       Shstrndx

1            1          2            3           1
0x80499cc    0x34       0x96200      0           0x34
0x20         5          0x28         22          19

 * These are the program headers.  "Offset" is the file offset to the
 * segment.  "Vaddr" is the memory load address.  "Filesz" is the
 * segment size as it appears in the file, and "Memsz" is the size in
 * memory.  Below, the third segment is the code and the fourth is the
 * data: the difference between Filesz and Memsz is .bss

raid:/nfs/raid/src/dist-18.56/src> dump -o temacs

temacs:
 ***** PROGRAM EXECUTION HEADER *****
Type        Offset      Vaddr       Paddr
Filesz      Memsz       Flags       Align

6           0x34        0x8048034   0
0xa0        0xa0        5           0

3           0xd4        0           0
0x13        0           4           0

1           0x34        0x8048034   0
0x3f2f9     0x3f2f9     5           0x1000

1           0x3f330     0x8088330   0
0x215c4     0x25a60     7           0x1000

2           0x60874     0x80a9874   0
0x80        0           7           0

raid:/nfs/raid/src/dist-18.56/src> dump -o xemacs

xemacs:
 ***** PROGRAM EXECUTION HEADER *****
Type        Offset      Vaddr       Paddr
Filesz      Memsz       Flags       Align

6           0x34        0x8048034   0
0xa0        0xa0        5           0

3           0xd4        0           0
0x13        0           4           0

1           0x34        0x8048034   0
0x3f2f9     0x3f2f9     5           0x1000

1           0x3f330     0x8088330   0
0x3e4d0     0x3e4d0     7           0x1000

2           0x60874     0x80a9874   0
0x80        0           7           0


 */

/* Modified by wtien@urbana.mcd.mot.com of Motorola Inc.
 *
 * The above mechanism does not work if the unexeced ELF file is being
 * re-layout by other applications (such as `strip'). All the applications
 * that re-layout the internal of ELF will layout all sections in ascending
 * order of their file offsets. After the re-layout, the data2 section will
 * still be the LAST section in the section header vector, but its file offset
 * is now being pushed far away down, and causes part of it not to be mapped
 * in (ie. not covered by the load segment entry in PHDR vector), therefore
 * causes the new binary to fail.
 *
 * The solution is to modify the unexec algorithm to insert the new data2
 * section header right before the new bss section header, so their file
 * offsets will be in the ascending order. Since some of the section's (all
 * sections AFTER the bss section) indexes are now changed, we also need to
 * modify some fields to make them point to the right sections. This is done
 * by macro PATCH_INDEX. All the fields that need to be patched are:
 *
 * 1. ELF header e_shstrndx field.
 * 2. section header sh_link and sh_info field.
 * 3. symbol table entry st_shndx field.
 *
 * The above example now should look like:

           **** SECTION HEADER TABLE ****
[No]    Type    Flags   Addr         Offset       Size          Name
        Link    Info    Adralgn      Entsize

[1]     1       2       0x80480d4    0xd4         0x13          .interp
        0       0       0x1          0

[2]     5       2       0x80480e8    0xe8         0x388         .hash
        3       0       0x4          0x4

[3]     11      2       0x8048470    0x470        0x7f0         .dynsym
        4       1       0x4          0x10

[4]     3       2       0x8048c60    0xc60        0x3ad         .dynstr
        0       0       0x1          0

[5]     9       2       0x8049010    0x1010       0x338         .rel.plt
        3       7       0x4          0x8

[6]     1       6       0x8049348    0x1348       0x3           .init
        0       0       0x4          0

[7]     1       6       0x804934c    0x134c       0x680         .plt
        0       0       0x4          0x4

[8]     1       6       0x80499cc    0x19cc       0x3c56f       .text
        0       0       0x4          0

[9]     1       6       0x8085f3c    0x3df3c      0x3           .fini
        0       0       0x4          0

[10]    1       2       0x8085f40    0x3df40      0x69c         .rodata
        0       0       0x4          0

[11]    1       2       0x80865dc    0x3e5dc      0xd51         .rodata1
        0       0       0x4          0

[12]    1       3       0x8088330    0x3f330      0x20afc       .data
        0       0       0x4          0

[13]    1       3       0x80a8e2c    0x5fe2c      0x89d         .data1
        0       0       0x4          0

[14]    1       3       0x80a96cc    0x606cc      0x1a8         .got
        0       0       0x4          0x4

[15]    6       3       0x80a9874    0x60874      0x80          .dynamic
        4       0       0x4          0x8

[16]    1       3       0x80a98f4    0x608f4      0x1cf0c       .data
        0       0       0x4          0

[17]    8       3       0x80c6800    0x7d800      0             .bss
        0       0       0x4          0

[18]    2       0       0            0x7d800      0x9b90        .symtab
        19      371     0x4          0x10

[19]    3       0       0            0x87390      0x8526        .strtab
        0       0       0x1          0

[20]    3       0       0            0x8f8b6      0x93          .shstrtab
        0       0       0x1          0

[21]    1       0       0            0x8f949      0x68b7        .comment
        0       0       0x1          0

 */

#ifndef emacs
#define fatal(a, b, c) fprintf (stderr, a, b, c), exit (1)
#else
#include <config.h>
extern void fatal (const char *, ...);
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <memory.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#ifdef HAVE_ELF_H
#include <elf.h>
#endif
#include <sys/mman.h>
#if defined (__sony_news) && defined (_SYSTYPE_SYSV)
#include <sys/elf_mips.h>
#include <sym.h>
#endif /* __sony_news && _SYSTYPE_SYSV */
#ifdef __sgi
#include <sym.h> /* for HDRR declaration */
#endif /* __sgi */

#if defined (__alpha__) && !defined (__NetBSD__) && !defined (__OpenBSD__)
/* Declare COFF debugging symbol table.  This used to be in
   /usr/include/sym.h, but this file is no longer included in Red Hat
   5.0 and presumably in any other glibc 2.x based distribution.  */
typedef struct {
      short magic;
      short vstamp;
      int ilineMax;
      int idnMax;
      int ipdMax;
      int isymMax;
      int ioptMax;
      int iauxMax;
      int issMax;
      int issExtMax;
      int ifdMax;
      int crfd;
      int iextMax;
      long cbLine;
      long cbLineOffset;
      long cbDnOffset;
      long cbPdOffset;
      long cbSymOffset;
      long cbOptOffset;
      long cbAuxOffset;
      long cbSsOffset;
      long cbSsExtOffset;
      long cbFdOffset;
      long cbRfdOffset;
      long cbExtOffset;
} HDRR, *pHDRR; 
#define cbHDRR sizeof(HDRR)
#define hdrNil ((pHDRR)0)
#endif

#ifdef __OpenBSD__
# include <sys/exec_elf.h>
#endif

#if defined(__FreeBSD__) && (defined(__alpha__) || defined(__amd64__))
# ifdef __STDC__
#  define ElfW(type)   Elf64_##type
# else
#  define ElfW(type)   Elf64_/**/type
# endif
#endif

#if __GNU_LIBRARY__ - 0 >= 6
# include <link.h>      /* get ElfW etc */
#endif

#ifndef ElfW
# ifdef __STDC__
#  define ElfBitsW(bits, type) Elf##bits##_##type
# else
#  define ElfBitsW(bits, type) Elf/**/bits/**/_/**/type
# endif
# ifndef ELFSIZE
#  ifdef _LP64
#   define ELFSIZE 64
#  else
#   define ELFSIZE 32
#  endif
# endif
  /* This macro expands `bits' before invoking ElfBitsW.  */
# define ElfExpandBitsW(bits, type) ElfBitsW (bits, type)
# define ElfW(type) ElfExpandBitsW (ELFSIZE, type)
#endif

#ifndef ELF_BSS_SECTION_NAME
#define ELF_BSS_SECTION_NAME ".bss"
#endif

/* Get the address of a particular section or program header entry,
 * accounting for the size of the entries.
 */
/*
   On PPC Reference Platform running Solaris 2.5.1
   the plt section is also of type NOBI like the bss section.
   (not really stored) and therefore sections after the bss
   section start at the plt offset. The plt section is always
   the one just before the bss section.
   Thus, we modify the test from
      if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset >= new_data2_offset)
   to
      if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset >=
               OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index-1).sh_offset)
   This is just a hack. We should put the new data section
   before the .plt section.
   And we should not have this routine at all but use
   the libelf library to read the old file and create the new
   file.
   The changed code is minimal and depends on prep set in m/prep.h
   Erik Deumens
   Quantum Theory Project
   University of Florida
   deumens@qtp.ufl.edu
   Apr 23, 1996
   */

#define OLD_SECTION_H(n) \
     (*(ElfW(Shdr) *) ((byte *) old_section_h + old_file_h->e_shentsize * (n)))
#define NEW_SECTION_H(n) \
     (*(ElfW(Shdr) *) ((byte *) new_section_h + new_file_h->e_shentsize * (n)))
#define OLD_PROGRAM_H(n) \
     (*(ElfW(Phdr) *) ((byte *) old_program_h + old_file_h->e_phentsize * (n)))
#define NEW_PROGRAM_H(n) \
     (*(ElfW(Phdr) *) ((byte *) new_program_h + new_file_h->e_phentsize * (n)))

#define PATCH_INDEX(n) \
  do { \
       if ((int) (n) >= old_bss_index) \
         (n)++; } while (0)
typedef unsigned char byte;

/* Round X up to a multiple of Y.  */

static ElfW(Addr)
round_up (ElfW(Addr) x, ElfW(Addr) y)
{
  int rem = x % y;
  if (rem == 0)
    return x;
  return x - rem + y;
}

/* ****************************************************************
 * unexec
 *
 * driving logic.
 *
 * In ELF, this works by replacing the old .bss section with a new
 * .data section, and inserting an empty .bss immediately afterwards.
 *
 */
void unexec (char *new_name, char *old_name, unsigned int data_start,
          unsigned int bss_start, unsigned int entry_address);
void
unexec (char *new_name, char *old_name, unsigned int data_start,
      unsigned int bss_start, unsigned int entry_address)
{
  int new_file, old_file, new_file_size;

  /* Pointers to the base of the image of the two files. */
  caddr_t old_base, new_base;

  /* Pointers to the file, program and section headers for the old and new
   * files.
   */
  ElfW(Ehdr) *old_file_h, *new_file_h;
  ElfW(Phdr) *old_program_h, *new_program_h;
  ElfW(Shdr) *old_section_h, *new_section_h;

  /* Point to the section name table in the old file */
  char *old_section_names;

  ElfW(Addr) old_bss_addr, new_bss_addr;
  ElfW(Word) old_bss_size, new_data2_size;
  ElfW(Off)  new_data2_offset;
  ElfW(Addr) new_data2_addr;

  int n, nn, old_bss_index, old_data_index, new_data2_index;
  int old_sbss_index, old_mdebug_index;
  struct stat stat_buf;

  /* Open the old file & map it into the address space. */

  old_file = open (old_name, O_RDONLY);

  if (old_file < 0)
    fatal ("Can't open %s for reading: errno %d\n", old_name, errno);

  if (fstat (old_file, &stat_buf) == -1)
    fatal ("Can't fstat (%s): errno %d\n", old_name, errno);

  old_base = (caddr_t) mmap (0, stat_buf.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, old_file, 0);

  if (old_base == (caddr_t) -1)
    fatal ("Can't mmap (%s): errno %d\n", old_name, errno);

#ifdef DEBUG
  fprintf (stderr, "mmap (%s, %x) -> %x\n", old_name, stat_buf.st_size,
         old_base);
#endif

  /* Get pointers to headers & section names */

  old_file_h = (ElfW(Ehdr) *) old_base;
  old_program_h = (ElfW(Phdr) *) ((byte *) old_base + old_file_h->e_phoff);
  old_section_h = (ElfW(Shdr) *) ((byte *) old_base + old_file_h->e_shoff);
  old_section_names = (char *) old_base
    + OLD_SECTION_H (old_file_h->e_shstrndx).sh_offset;

  /* Find the old .bss section.  Figure out parameters of the new
   * data2 and bss sections.
   */

  for (old_bss_index = 1; old_bss_index < (int) old_file_h->e_shnum;
       old_bss_index++)
    {
#ifdef DEBUG
      fprintf (stderr, "Looking for .bss - found %s\n",
             old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index).sh_name);
#endif
      if (!strcmp (old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index).sh_name,
               ELF_BSS_SECTION_NAME))
      break;
    }
  if (old_bss_index == old_file_h->e_shnum)
    fatal ("Can't find .bss in %s.\n", old_name, 0);

  for (old_sbss_index = 1; old_sbss_index < (int) old_file_h->e_shnum;
       old_sbss_index++)
    {
#ifdef DEBUG
      fprintf (stderr, "Looking for .sbss - found %s\n",
             old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_sbss_index).sh_name);
#endif
      if (!strcmp (old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_sbss_index).sh_name,
               ".sbss"))
      break;
    }
  if (old_sbss_index == old_file_h->e_shnum)
    {
      old_sbss_index = -1;
      old_bss_addr = OLD_SECTION_H(old_bss_index).sh_addr;
      old_bss_size = OLD_SECTION_H(old_bss_index).sh_size;
      new_data2_index = old_bss_index;
    }
  else
    {
      old_bss_addr = OLD_SECTION_H(old_sbss_index).sh_addr;
      old_bss_size = OLD_SECTION_H(old_bss_index).sh_size
      + OLD_SECTION_H(old_sbss_index).sh_size;
      new_data2_index = old_sbss_index;
    }

  for (old_mdebug_index = 1; old_mdebug_index < (int) old_file_h->e_shnum;
       old_mdebug_index++)
    {
#ifdef DEBUG
      fprintf (stderr, "Looking for .mdebug - found %s\n",
             old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_mdebug_index).sh_name);
#endif
      if (!strcmp (old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_mdebug_index).sh_name,
               ".mdebug"))
      break;
    }
    if (old_mdebug_index == old_file_h->e_shnum)
      old_mdebug_index = 0;

  for (old_data_index = 1; old_data_index < (int) old_file_h->e_shnum;
       old_data_index++)
    {
#ifdef DEBUG
      fprintf (stderr, "Looking for .data - found %s\n",
             old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_data_index).sh_name);
#endif
      if (!strcmp (old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_data_index).sh_name,
               ".data"))
      break;
    }
    if (old_data_index == old_file_h->e_shnum)
      old_data_index = 0;

#if defined (emacs) || !defined (DEBUG)
  new_bss_addr = (ElfW(Addr)) sbrk (0);
#else
  new_bss_addr = old_bss_addr + old_bss_size + 0x1234;
#endif
  new_data2_addr = old_bss_addr;
  new_data2_size = new_bss_addr - old_bss_addr;
  new_data2_offset  = OLD_SECTION_H (old_data_index).sh_offset +
    (new_data2_addr - OLD_SECTION_H (old_data_index).sh_addr);

#ifdef DEBUG
  fprintf (stderr, "old_bss_index %d\n", old_bss_index);
  fprintf (stderr, "old_bss_addr %x\n", old_bss_addr);
  fprintf (stderr, "old_bss_size %x\n", old_bss_size);
  fprintf (stderr, "new_bss_addr %x\n", new_bss_addr);
  fprintf (stderr, "new_data2_addr %x\n", new_data2_addr);
  fprintf (stderr, "new_data2_size %x\n", new_data2_size);
  fprintf (stderr, "new_data2_offset %x\n", new_data2_offset);
#endif

  if ((unsigned) new_bss_addr < (unsigned) old_bss_addr + old_bss_size)
    fatal (".bss shrank when undumping???\n", 0, 0);

  /* Set the output file to the right size and mmap it.  Set
   * pointers to various interesting objects.  stat_buf still has
   * old_file data.
   */

  new_file = open (new_name, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, 0666);
  if (new_file < 0)
    fatal ("Can't creat (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);

  new_file_size = stat_buf.st_size + old_file_h->e_shentsize + new_data2_size;

  if (ftruncate (new_file, new_file_size))
    fatal ("Can't ftruncate (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);

  new_base = (caddr_t) mmap (0, new_file_size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
#ifdef UNEXEC_USE_MAP_PRIVATE
                       MAP_PRIVATE,
#else
                       MAP_SHARED,
#endif
                       new_file, 0);

  if (new_base == (caddr_t) -1)
    fatal ("Can't mmap (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);

  new_file_h = (ElfW(Ehdr) *) new_base;
  new_program_h = (ElfW(Phdr) *) ((byte *) new_base + old_file_h->e_phoff);
  new_section_h = (ElfW(Shdr) *)
    ((byte *) new_base + old_file_h->e_shoff + new_data2_size);

  /* Make our new file, program and section headers as copies of the
   * originals.
   */

  memcpy (new_file_h, old_file_h, old_file_h->e_ehsize);
  memcpy (new_program_h, old_program_h,
        old_file_h->e_phnum * old_file_h->e_phentsize);

  /* Modify the e_shstrndx if necessary. */
  PATCH_INDEX (new_file_h->e_shstrndx);

  /* Fix up file header.  We'll add one section.  Section header is
   * further away now.
   */

  new_file_h->e_shoff += new_data2_size;
  new_file_h->e_shnum += 1;

#ifdef DEBUG
  fprintf (stderr, "Old section offset %x\n", old_file_h->e_shoff);
  fprintf (stderr, "Old section count %d\n", old_file_h->e_shnum);
  fprintf (stderr, "New section offset %x\n", new_file_h->e_shoff);
  fprintf (stderr, "New section count %d\n", new_file_h->e_shnum);
#endif

  /* Fix up a new program header.  Extend the writable data segment so
   * that the bss area is covered too. Find that segment by looking
   * for a segment that ends just before the .bss area.  Make sure
   * that no segments are above the new .data2.  Put a loop at the end
   * to adjust the offset and address of any segment that is above
   * data2, just in case we decide to allow this later.
   */

  for (n = new_file_h->e_phnum - 1; n >= 0; n--)
    {
      /* Compute maximum of all requirements for alignment of section.  */
      ElfW(Word) alignment = (NEW_PROGRAM_H (n)).p_align;
      if ((OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index)).sh_addralign > alignment)
      alignment = OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index).sh_addralign;

#ifdef __mips
        /* According to r02kar@x4u2.desy.de (Karsten Kuenne)
           and oliva@gnu.org (Alexandre Oliva), on IRIX 5.2, we
           always get "Program segment above .bss" when dumping
           when the executable doesn't have an sbss section.  */
      if (old_sbss_index != -1)
#endif /* __mips */
      if (NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_vaddr + NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_filesz
        > (old_sbss_index == -1
           ? old_bss_addr
           : round_up (old_bss_addr, alignment)))
        fatal ("Program segment above .bss in %s\n", old_name, 0);

      if (NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_type == PT_LOAD
        && (round_up ((NEW_PROGRAM_H (n)).p_vaddr
                  + (NEW_PROGRAM_H (n)).p_filesz,
                  alignment)
            == round_up (old_bss_addr, alignment)))
      break;
    }
  if (n < 0)
    fatal ("Couldn't find segment next to .bss in %s\n", old_name, 0);

  /* Make sure that the size includes any padding before the old .bss
     section.  */
  NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_filesz = new_bss_addr - NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_vaddr;
  NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_memsz = NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_filesz;

#if 0 /* Maybe allow section after data2 - does this ever happen? */
  for (n = new_file_h->e_phnum - 1; n >= 0; n--)
    {
      if (NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_vaddr
        && NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_vaddr >= new_data2_addr)
      NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_vaddr += new_data2_size - old_bss_size;

      if (NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_offset >= new_data2_offset)
      NEW_PROGRAM_H (n).p_offset += new_data2_size;
    }
#endif

  /* Fix up section headers based on new .data2 section.  Any section
   * whose offset or virtual address is after the new .data2 section
   * gets its value adjusted.  .bss size becomes zero and new address
   * is set.  data2 section header gets added by copying the existing
   * .data header and modifying the offset, address and size.
   */
  for (old_data_index = 1; old_data_index < (int) old_file_h->e_shnum;
       old_data_index++)
    if (!strcmp (old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (old_data_index).sh_name,
             ".data"))
      break;
  if (old_data_index == old_file_h->e_shnum)
    fatal ("Can't find .data in %s.\n", old_name, 0);

  /* Walk through all section headers, insert the new data2 section right
     before the new bss section. */
  for (n = 1, nn = 1; n < (int) old_file_h->e_shnum; n++, nn++)
    {
      caddr_t src;
      /* If it is (s)bss section, insert the new data2 section before it.  */
      /* new_data2_index is the index of either old_sbss or old_bss, that was
       chosen as a section for new_data2.   */
      if (n == new_data2_index)
      {
        /* Steal the data section header for this data2 section. */
        memcpy (&NEW_SECTION_H (nn), &OLD_SECTION_H (old_data_index),
              new_file_h->e_shentsize);

        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_addr = new_data2_addr;
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset = new_data2_offset;
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_size = new_data2_size;
        /* Use the bss section's alignment. This will assure that the
           new data2 section always be placed in the same spot as the old
           bss section by any other application. */
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_addralign = OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_addralign;

        /* Now copy over what we have in the memory now. */
        memcpy (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset + new_base,
              (caddr_t) OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_addr,
              new_data2_size);
        nn++;
      }

      memcpy (&NEW_SECTION_H (nn), &OLD_SECTION_H (n),
            old_file_h->e_shentsize);
      
      if (n == old_bss_index
        /* The new bss and sbss section's size is zero, and its file offset
           and virtual address should be off by NEW_DATA2_SIZE.  */
        || n == old_sbss_index
        )
      {
        /* NN should be `old_s?bss_index + 1' at this point. */
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset =
          NEW_SECTION_H (new_data2_index).sh_offset + new_data2_size;
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_addr =
          NEW_SECTION_H (new_data2_index).sh_addr + new_data2_size;
        /* Let the new bss section address alignment be the same as the
           section address alignment followed the old bss section, so
           this section will be placed in exactly the same place. */
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_addralign = OLD_SECTION_H (nn).sh_addralign;
        NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_size = 0;
      }
      else
      {
        /* Any section that was original placed AFTER the bss
           section should now be off by NEW_DATA2_SIZE. */
#ifdef SOLARIS_POWERPC
        /* On PPC Reference Platform running Solaris 2.5.1
           the plt section is also of type NOBI like the bss section.
           (not really stored) and therefore sections after the bss
           section start at the plt offset. The plt section is always
           the one just before the bss section.
           It would be better to put the new data section before
           the .plt section, or use libelf instead.
           Erik Deumens, deumens@qtp.ufl.edu.  */
        if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset
            >= OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index-1).sh_offset)
          NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset += new_data2_size;
#else
        if (round_up (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset,
                  OLD_SECTION_H (old_bss_index).sh_addralign)
            >= new_data2_offset)
          NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset += new_data2_size;
#endif
        /* Any section that was originally placed after the section
           header table should now be off by the size of one section
           header table entry.  */
        if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset > new_file_h->e_shoff)
          NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset += new_file_h->e_shentsize;
      }

      /* If any section hdr refers to the section after the new .data
       section, make it refer to next one because we have inserted
       a new section in between.  */

      PATCH_INDEX (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_link);
      /* For symbol tables, info is a symbol table index,
       so don't change it.  */
      if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type != SHT_SYMTAB
        && NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type != SHT_DYNSYM)
      PATCH_INDEX (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_info);

      /* Now, start to copy the content of sections.  */
      if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type == SHT_NULL
        || NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type == SHT_NOBITS)
      continue;

      /* Write out the sections. .data and .data1 (and data2, called
       ".data" in the strings table) get copied from the current process
       instead of the old file.  */
      if (!strcmp (old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name, ".data")
        || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name),
                  ".sdata")
          /* Taking these sections from the current process, breaks
             Linux in a subtle way. Binaries only run on the
             architecture (e.g. i586 vs i686) of the dumping machine */
#ifdef __sgi
        || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name),
                  ".lit4")
        || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name),
                  ".lit8")
        || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name),
                  ".got")
#endif
        || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name),
                  ".sdata1")
        || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_name),
                  ".data1"))
      src = (caddr_t) OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_addr;
      else
      src = old_base + OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_offset;

      memcpy (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset + new_base, src,
            NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_size);

#ifdef __alpha__
      /* Update Alpha COFF symbol table: */
      if (strcmp (old_section_names + OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_name, ".mdebug")
        == 0)
      {
        pHDRR symhdr = (pHDRR) (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset + new_base);

        symhdr->cbLineOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbDnOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbPdOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbSymOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbOptOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbAuxOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbSsOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbSsExtOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbFdOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbRfdOffset += new_data2_size;
        symhdr->cbExtOffset += new_data2_size;
      }
#endif /* __alpha__ */

#if defined (__sony_news) && defined (_SYSTYPE_SYSV)
      if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type == SHT_MIPS_DEBUG && old_mdebug_index) 
        {
        int diff = NEW_SECTION_H(nn).sh_offset 
            - OLD_SECTION_H(old_mdebug_index).sh_offset;
        HDRR *phdr = (HDRR *)(NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset + new_base);

        if (diff)
          {
            phdr->cbLineOffset += diff;
            phdr->cbDnOffset   += diff;
            phdr->cbPdOffset   += diff;
            phdr->cbSymOffset  += diff;
            phdr->cbOptOffset  += diff;
            phdr->cbAuxOffset  += diff;
            phdr->cbSsOffset   += diff;
            phdr->cbSsExtOffset += diff;
            phdr->cbFdOffset   += diff;
            phdr->cbRfdOffset  += diff;
            phdr->cbExtOffset  += diff;
          }
      }
#endif /* __sony_news && _SYSTYPE_SYSV */

#ifdef __sgi
      /* Adjust  the HDRR offsets in .mdebug and copy the 
       line data if it's in its usual 'hole' in the object.
       Makes the new file debuggable with dbx.
       patches up two problems: the absolute file offsets
       in the HDRR record of .mdebug (see /usr/include/syms.h), and
       the ld bug that gets the line table in a hole in the
       elf file rather than in the .mdebug section proper.
       David Anderson. davea@sgi.com  Jan 16,1994.  */
      if (n == old_mdebug_index)
      {
#define MDEBUGADJUST(__ct,__fileaddr)           \
  if (n_phdrr->__ct > 0)                  \
    {                               \
      n_phdrr->__fileaddr += movement;          \
    }

        HDRR * o_phdrr = (HDRR *)((byte *)old_base + OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_offset);
        HDRR * n_phdrr = (HDRR *)((byte *)new_base + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset);
        unsigned movement = new_data2_size;

        MDEBUGADJUST (idnMax, cbDnOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (ipdMax, cbPdOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (isymMax, cbSymOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (ioptMax, cbOptOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (iauxMax, cbAuxOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (issMax, cbSsOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (issExtMax, cbSsExtOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (ifdMax, cbFdOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (crfd, cbRfdOffset);
        MDEBUGADJUST (iextMax, cbExtOffset);
        /* The Line Section, being possible off in a hole of the object,
           requires special handling.  */
        if (n_phdrr->cbLine > 0)
          {
            if (o_phdrr->cbLineOffset > (OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_offset
                                 + OLD_SECTION_H (n).sh_size))
            {
              /* line data is in a hole in elf. do special copy and adjust
                 for this ld mistake.
                 */
              n_phdrr->cbLineOffset += movement;

              memcpy (n_phdrr->cbLineOffset + new_base,
                    o_phdrr->cbLineOffset + old_base, n_phdrr->cbLine);
            }
            else
            {
              /* somehow line data is in .mdebug as it is supposed to be.  */
              MDEBUGADJUST (cbLine, cbLineOffset);
            }
          }
      }
#endif /* __sgi */

      /* If it is the symbol table, its st_shndx field needs to be patched.  */
      if (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB
        || NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_type == SHT_DYNSYM)
      {
        ElfW(Shdr) *spt = &NEW_SECTION_H (nn);
        unsigned int num = spt->sh_size / spt->sh_entsize;
        ElfW(Sym) * sym = (ElfW(Sym) *) (NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset +
                                 new_base);
        for (; num--; sym++)
          {
            if ((sym->st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF)
              || (sym->st_shndx == SHN_ABS)
              || (sym->st_shndx == SHN_COMMON))
            continue;

            PATCH_INDEX (sym->st_shndx);
          }
      }
    }

  /* Update the symbol values of _edata and _end.  */
  for (n = new_file_h->e_shnum - 1; n; n--)
    {
      byte *symnames;
      ElfW(Sym) *symp, *symendp;

      if (NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_type != SHT_DYNSYM
        && NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_type != SHT_SYMTAB)
      continue;

      symnames = ((byte *) new_base
              + NEW_SECTION_H (NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_link).sh_offset);
      symp = (ElfW(Sym) *) (NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_offset + new_base);
      symendp = (ElfW(Sym) *) ((byte *)symp + NEW_SECTION_H (n).sh_size);

      for (; symp < symendp; symp ++)
      if (strcmp ((char *) (symnames + symp->st_name), "_end") == 0
          || strcmp ((char *) (symnames + symp->st_name), "end") == 0
          || strcmp ((char *) (symnames + symp->st_name), "_edata") == 0
          || strcmp ((char *) (symnames + symp->st_name), "edata") == 0)
        memcpy (&symp->st_value, &new_bss_addr, sizeof (new_bss_addr));
    }

  /* This loop seeks out relocation sections for the data section, so
     that it can undo relocations performed by the runtime linker.  */
  for (n = new_file_h->e_shnum - 1; n; n--)
    {
      ElfW(Shdr) section = NEW_SECTION_H (n);
      switch (section.sh_type) {
      default:
      break;
      case SHT_REL:
      case SHT_RELA:
      /* This code handles two different size structs, but there should
         be no harm in that provided that r_offset is always the first
         member.  */
      nn = section.sh_info;
      if (!strcmp (old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name, ".data")
          || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name),
                  ".sdata")
#ifdef __sgi
          || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name),
                  ".lit4")
          || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name),
                  ".lit8")
          || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name),
                  ".got")
#endif
          || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name),
                  ".sdata1")
          || !strcmp ((old_section_names + NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_name),
                  ".data1"))
        {
          ElfW(Addr) offset = NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_addr -
            NEW_SECTION_H (nn).sh_offset;
          caddr_t reloc = old_base + section.sh_offset, end;
          for (end = reloc + section.sh_size; reloc < end;
             reloc += section.sh_entsize)
            {
            ElfW(Addr) addr = ((ElfW(Rel) *) reloc)->r_offset - offset;
#ifdef __alpha__
            /* The Alpha ELF binutils currently have a bug that
               sometimes results in relocs that contain all
               zeroes.  Work around this for now...  */
            if (((ElfW(Rel) *) reloc)->r_offset == 0)
                continue;
#endif
            memcpy (new_base + addr, old_base + addr, sizeof(ElfW(Addr)));
            }
        }
      break;
      }
    }

#ifdef UNEXEC_USE_MAP_PRIVATE
  if (lseek (new_file, 0, SEEK_SET) == -1)
    fatal ("Can't rewind (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);

  if (write (new_file, new_base, new_file_size) != new_file_size)
    fatal ("Can't write (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);
#endif

  /* Close the files and make the new file executable.  */

  if (close (old_file))
    fatal ("Can't close (%s): errno %d\n", old_name, errno);

  if (close (new_file))
    fatal ("Can't close (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);

  if (stat (new_name, &stat_buf) == -1)
    fatal ("Can't stat (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);

  n = umask (777);
  umask (n);
  stat_buf.st_mode |= 0111 & ~n;
  if (chmod (new_name, stat_buf.st_mode) == -1)
    fatal ("Can't chmod (%s): errno %d\n", new_name, errno);
}

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